Melasma is a skin condition that is marked by excessive production of pigment and typically of chronic nature. Ninety percent of melasma cases are in women, and while ethnicity is an underlying influence, hormone elevations and fluctuations are the major provoking factors. Sun exposure and heat often exacerbate melasma in most individuals. Therefore, sunscreen and protective attire are vital for anyone who suffers with melasma.
Laser therapy is an effective tool to help in the management of melasma by reducing the number of active melanocytes that create pigment. Often, more than one treatment modality along with ongoing maintenance can be necessary for sufficient improvement.